Grizzly Bear

Grizzly Bear (Western population)
Ursus arctos
NWT List of Species at Risk: 
No status
NWT SARC Assessment: 
Special Concern
Federal Species at Risk Act list: 
Special Concern
COSEWIC Assessment: 
Special Concern
NWT General Status Rank: 

Grizzly bears, sometimes called brown bears, have long shaggy coats with coarse guard hairs overlying a dense mat of underfur. Around the shoulders the hair lengthens to form a ruff. Colour varies from light gold to almost black, with pale or blonde bears being the most common on the barren-lands. The white-tipped hairs around their face and shoulders give them their grizzled appearance. A grizzly can be distinguished from a black bear by the hump on its shoulders and its more pronounced brow ridge. In the NWT, adult male grizzly bears can average 1.8 m from nose to tail and can weigh up to 250-300 kg. Females are smaller and weigh between 95-170 kg.

The Demography of Barren-Ground Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos) in Nunavut and the NWT